Electric motorcycles and scooters are plug-in electric vehicles with two or three wheels. Electricity is stored on board in a battery that drives one or more electric motors. Electric scooters (unlike motorcycles) have a passing box.
Currently, most electric motorcycles and the best electric scooter for heavy a
Alternative types of battery are available. Z Electric Vehicle has introduced the use of a lead / sodium silicate battery (a variant of the classic lead-acid battery, invented in 1859 and still widely used in automobiles) that offers significantly lower costs compared to battery-based batteries. lithium in terms of size, weight and energy capacity. It offers a low price.
In 2017, the first vehicle in the US UU That uses technology of non-flammable lithium oxide and titanium (LTO) batteries will be a scooter called The Expresso. This new technology charges a battery in less than 10 minutes and can support 25,000 loads (equivalent to 70 years of daily charge). The technology developed by Altairnano is currently used in China, where more than 10,000 city buses operate with these fast charging batteries.
All electric scooters and motorcycles allow charging them by plugging them into normal sockets. The load (that is, during the night) usually takes around eight hours. Some manufacturers have developed, incorporated or added the high-performance CHAdeMO Level 2 charger, which can charge up to 95% of the batteries in one hour.
Manufacturers such as Zero Motorcycles and the latest participants in the market of scooters, Gogoro and Unu, have developed machines that allow quick replacement of the battery, for occupants of floors that do not reside at work, or to load on the fly .
Honda has developed an experimental hybrid scooter with a combustion engine. Yamaha has also developed a hybrid motorcycle concept called Gen-Ryu. It uses a 600cc engine and an additional electric motor. Piaggio MP3 Hybrid uses a 125 cc engine and an additional 2.4 kW motor.
There are several experimental prototypes that use fuel cell technology. The ENV of Intelligent Energy is a prototype hydrogen fuel cell. The motorcycle has a range of 160 km and can reach a maximum speed of 80 km / h. Suzuki has also developed a hydrogen fuel cell scooter based on the Suzuki Burgman. Yamaha has developed a prototype hydrogen fuel cell called FC-AQEL, which is equivalent to a 125 cc vehicle. Honda has also developed a hydrogen fuel cell scooter using the Honda FC Stack.
Sale and adoption
Electric scooter in berlin. Designed for an application-based exchange system. China is the world leader in sales of electric scooters. That’s 9.4 million of the 12 million sold around the world in 2013. Outside of the Asia-Pacific region, including Europe, only 31,338 electric scooters were sold. The US market is relatively small; in 2012, approximately 2,000 were sold.
High prices and a limited range, which is the most suitable for daily commuting, have become increasingly practical, but make it harder for electric cars and scooters to increase their market share. At least in the USA The cheapest motorcycles, which can be filled at each service station in minutes, are more suitable for the weekend passengers who are the most users. According to a 2013 market report, sales of electric motorcycles and scooters in North America are expected to increase 10 times by 2018 and to reach around 36,000 by 2018.
In India, high costs and network problems have contributed to lower sales. In countries such as Tamil Nadu, where the supply of electricity from rationed electricity was reduced, manufacturers of electric vehicles such as Ampere and Hero Electric saw a corresponding decrease in sales.